Ms. Mershona Parshall

Mershona Parshall Consultation
Many times, art making allows us to express feelings that are otherwise painful or difficult to verbalize. Here is a personal example of grief over the loss of a pet through painting.

When children are placed in foster care, institutions, or are adopted, they not only lose their birth parent(s), they lose siblings and extended family members as well. Infants and children who experience early loss often carry deep emotional pain and unresolved grief associated with a childhood lost.
Bowlby described a sequence of grief reactions that he observed in infants/children who experienced prolonged separation from primary attachment figures. These stages are also applicable to children who have experienced multiple separations in their young lives. The first stage he called protest. In this stage the child cries, kicks, or screams in order to get the primary attachment figure to return in order to regain close proximity. If the protest does not produce the return of the attachment figure, then the infant/child begins to despair in the second stage. Despair is expressed as withdrawal and apathy in the child, sometimes misinterpreted as acceptance by unknowing adults. If the condition of loss of the attachment figure persists, the infant/child detaches or de-invests from relationships. Detachment is a protective measure that a child assumes against the psychic pain of the loss. Permanent detachment may occur if the grieving process persists unresolved. In this final stage the child divests his or her loving feeling from any attachment figure and invests this into his/herself, no longer considering relationships necessary for needs fulfillment.

Ms. Mershona Parshall Family Therapy :ATTACHMENT & BONDING THERAPY


The assessment determines a diagnosis and treatment recommendations. There are two parts to an assessment. First a meeting with the parents or primary caregiver is necessary to review the child’s history, family dynamics, family functioning and the child’s present functioning. A subsequent meeting with the child and parents completes the initial assessment process.Following the assessment, treatment recommendations are provided the parents. Typically, once weekly or twice weekly sessions are recommended depending on the intensity level needed for optimal treatment outcomes.